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The World Whistles Research Association


Here is provided a list of references dealing with the subjects of interests of our association.

Meyer J. (2008). Acoustic Strategy and Typology of Whistled Languages; Phonetic Comparison and Perceptual Cues of Whistled Vowels. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1). Cambridge University Press, 64-90. (pdf or journal page)

Meyer J. (in press) La parole sifflée dans le monde : variété des locuteurs et de leurs pratiques. In Grinevald & Bert (eds), Locuteurs et linguistes: travail de terrain sur langues en danger, Faits de Langues.

Meyer, J., Casimiro, N. J. (2008). Exploiting the didactic role of whistled speech : interactions between phonetic research and education in Gomero Spanish and Mazatec, Language Design. Journal of Theorical and Experimental Linguistics, Special Issue 2 , 57-64 .(pdf)

Patel, A.D. (2008). Music, Language, and the Brain. ( New York : Oxford Univ. Press). .(extracts on google books)

Meyer, J. (2007). What does the typology of whistled forms of languages teach us about prosody? 7th biennal meeting of the Association of Linguistic Typology (pdf abstract)

Meyer, J. (2007). Acoustic features and perceptive cues of songs and dialogues in whistled speech: convergences with sung speech. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Musical Acoustics 2007. Barcelona. (pdf)

Meyer, J., Meunier, F., Dentel, L. (2007). Identification of Natural Whistled Vowels by Non-Whistlers. Proceedings of Interspeech 2007, 1593- 1596. Antwerpen. Belgium. (pdf)

Meyer, J. (2007).Whistled Turkish: statistical analysis of vowel distribution and consonant modulations. Proceedings of XVI International Conference of Phonetic Sciences.(pdf)

Meyer, J. & Dentel, L. (2007). Effect of propagation on speech in natural middles. International BioAcoustics Congress. Pavia, Italy.

Carreiras, M., Lopez, J., Rivero, F. and Corina, D. (2005). Linguistic perception: neural processing of a whistled language. Nature , 433, 31-32

Meyer, J. and Gautheron B. (2006). Whistled speech and whistled languages. In K. Brown (ed.) Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd Edition , Elsevier, Oxford , 13, 573-576. (pdf)

Meyer J. (2005). Typology and intelligibility of whistled languages: linguistic and bioacoustic approach. Ph.D thesis, Univ Lyon2: Cyberthese publication. (pdf, in French)

Meyer J. (2005). Description Typologique et intelligibilité des langues sifflées: approches linguistique et bioacoustique, Thèse de doctorat, Université Lyon2 (pdf en francais)
English abstract: Whistled languages, which are linked to particular biotopes, represent a little studied valuable oral patrimony. They are analysed here in their diversity thanks to a 14 months fieldwork and collaborations done in ten linguistic communities during more than one year. Whistled speech relies on phonetic elements of the original spoken voice in order to communicate in the distance or in the ambient noise. It enables high intelligibility of sentences in difficult conditions of listening. A typological description is developed here thanks to the collected data. The linguistic types depend on the phonology of the concerned languages. A comparative study of the spoken voice, the shouted voice and the whistled speech shows that whistling enables to prolong the acoustic strategy of overcoming noise as the distance of communication increases. It therefore enables the human speech to naturally develop properties, which elaborate a true system of telecommunication. The transformation at play in whistled speech is a practice that requires complementary learning but it is based on natural perceptive capacities. For example the results of a perception test show that French persons knowing nothing of whistled spanish vowels can intuitively identify them. In order to analyse these different aspects, the proposed methodology uses the tools of phonetics, phonology, bioacoustics, sociolinguistics, psychoacoustics and psycholinguistics.

Padgham, M. (2004). Reverberation and frequency attenuation in forests - implications for acoustic communication in animals. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , 115, 1, 402-410.

Rialland, A. (2003). A New Perspective on Silbo Gomero. Proceedings of the 15th ICPhS conference , 2131-2134. Barcelona .

Meyer, J. (2005). Whistled speech: a natural phonetic description of languages adapted to human perception and to the natural environment. Proceedings of Interspeech 2005, Lisboa. (pdf)

Meyer, J. (2004) Bioacoustics of human whistled languages: an alternative approach to the cognitive processes of language. Advances in Bioacoustics II, Acad. Bras. Ciênc., vol 76, issue 2, p.406-412. (pdf)

Xirometis, N. and Spyridis, H. C. (1994). An acoustical approach to the vowels of the village Antias in the Greek Island of Evia, Acustica , 5, 425-516.

Schwartz, J. L. and Escudier, P. (1989). A strong evidence for the existence of a large scale integrated spectral representation in vowel perception. Speech communication . 8, 235-259.

Busnel, R-G., Alcuri, G., Gautheron, B. and Rialland A.(1989). Sur quelques aspects physiques de la langue à ton sifflée du peuple H'mong. Cahiers de l'Asie du Sud-Est , 26, 39-52.

Trujillo , R. (1978). El Silbo Gomero: analisis linguistico . Ed. I. Canaria-I. Andres Bello , Tenerife

Wiley, R. H. and Richards D. G. (1978). Physical constraints on acoustic Communication in the Athmosphere : Implications for the Evolution of Animal Vocalizations. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology , 3, 69-94.

Busnel, R-G. and Classe, A. (1976). Whistled languages . Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Sebeok, T. and Umiker-Sebeok, D.J. (1976). Speech Surrogates: Drum and Whistle Systems . La Haye and Paris: Mouton.

Caughley, R. (1976). Chepang whistled talk. In Sebeok T. and Umiker-Sebeok D.J. (Eds). Speech surrogates: drum and whistle systems , 966-992. Paris : Mouton.

Cowan, G. (1976). Whistled Tepehua. In Sebeok T. and Umiker-Sebeok D.J. (Eds). Speech surrogates: drum and whistle systems , 1400-1409. Paris : Mouton.

Brusis, T. (1973). Über die phonetische Sturctur der Pfeifsprache Silbo Gomero dargestellt an sonagraphischen Untersuchungen . Zeitschrift für Laryngologie , 52, 292-300.

Busnel, R-G. (1970). Recherches expérimentales sur la langue sifflée de Kusköy. Revue de Phonétique Appliquée 14/15: 41-57.

Leroy, C. (1970). Étude de phonétique comparative de la langue turque sifflée et parlée. Revue de Phonétique Appliquée 14/15, 119-161.

Moles, A. (1970). Etude sociolinguistique de la langue sifflée de Kuskoy. Revue de Phonétique Appliquée , 14/15, 78-118.

Busnel, R-G., Moles, A. and Vallencien, B. (1962). Sur l'aspect phonétique d'une langue sifflée dans les Pyrénées françaises. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetical Science , Helsinki , 533-546. The Hage : Mouton

Classe, A. (1957). The whistled language of La Gomera. Scientific American , 196, 111-124.

Classe A. (1956). Phonetics of the Silbo Gomero. Archivum linguisticum, 9, 44-61.

Cowan, G. (1948). Mazateco whistle speech. Language 24 , 280-286.

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